Spinal cord injury is one of the progressively degenerating, crippling disorders attributing towards the dislocation of bones and vertebrae; which is a general resultant of trauma and/or injury.
The accidental injury generally damages connecting nerves internally; in order to halt the back and forth communication between brain and rest of the body parts. This communication gap is the primary cause of partial or complete loss of movement, paralysis as well as numbness. Apparently, many times it has also been evident that spinal cord may get affected not because of the injury but because of different types of nerve infection; which if ignored for a longer time, may allow unusual bleeding in between the spaces around the spinal cord. Some of the common forms of these notable infections are spinal steno sis, spine bifida, etc.
A person with a potential threat to severe spinal cord damage should be hospitalized for an intensive care unit immediately. Stabilization of blood pressure, lung function and prevention of further damage to the spinal cord; should be emphasized with immediate effect. Other injuries are as well to be looked at; for an accidental damage.
Experts may prescribe some routine tests, in order to detect the extent of injuries. These tests can be
- Ultrasound checks of important vital organs
- Spinal X ray for complete spinal cord monitoring
- MRI and CT Scan
- Bone Density Test
Classification of Spinal Cord Injury
Classification of SCI is generally based on the extent of pain and loss of movement, associated with the damage. Moreover, when the damage is associated with neuronal loss, nerve locations and number of nerves that have been damaged can as well be referred to classify spinal cord injury.
- Spinal nerve damage in the neck can cause paralysis of upper body parts, like chest, arms and legs.
- Damage in the middle portion of the spinal cord can be associated with the paralysis of the lower limbs.
- More severe injuries can affect person’s ability to breathe as well as bowel and bladder control.
The recovery period for patients suffering with spinal cord injury is dependent upon the level of injury, muscular strength and the type of injury; but in general, notable recovery period can be any time between 4-6 months.
Through conventionally demonstrated medicines, it is generally impossible to completely cure spinal cord damage or paralytic aftereffects of injury. In fact, the anti-inflammatory medicines that have been prescribed conventionally can affect other vital organs of the body, due to continuous hormonal modifications. Although with the advent of stem cells through the science of regenerative medicines has proven to be very helpful in offering definite cure for SCI and other orthopedic related illnesses. The potential ability of these stem cells to be differentiated into neurons has been well studied and confirmed through different scientific literature and the same hypothesis can be applied to treat and restore back the functional attributes of damaged spinal cord.
Thus, stem cells and their regenerative powers can potentially work to solve the internal mysteries of spinal cord injury; but the extent of recovery and therapeutic outcome are still the challenges that are being faced by the medical fraternities.