As a parent, you are typically the first one to be worried with many such questions; since, you are the one to notice any kind of unusual behavior, in your youngster! Studies have often confirmed you to be right about noticing, some kinds of developmental issues in your child, but to be more precise in your observation, it is always advisable to immediately consult your pediatrician to identify specific nature and/or degree of severity.
Autism spectrum disorder is an umbrella term, often used for range of disorders from mild to severe forms. ASD can be detected by the age of 3, however, as a parent, your keen observation can help your child to be assessed for ASD as early as 1 year or 18 months.
Autism Spectrum Disorders are observed to be common issues in pediatric groups than some other better-known diseases, like diabetes, spinal bifida, down syndrome etc. A recent statistical analysis has suggested that 3.4 of every 1000 kids, within the age group of 3-10 years have autism spectrum disorder; and if they have been treated early, they can be better helped through the conventional therapeutics. However, the survey has also supported with the initial dismissal of the early symptoms of autism and/or autism spectrum disorders.
In general, kids with Autism Spectrum Disorder are demonstrated to be:
- Exhibiting repetitive behaviors and interests in the weird ways.
- Deficit in the active social interactions.
- Exhibiting some sorts of meltdowns over incidents that are part of daily life.
- Responding very unusually to sensory experiences.
- Lacking in verbal and nonverbal communications.
However, kids with autism spectrum disorder, never follow typical developmental pattern; in general, lack of communication and lowered social quotients are found to be noticeable in most of them. However, many other kids would start off in a great manner, but often at the age of 2.5 to 4 years, their unusual social reaction becomes very distinguished. As referred through other reported cases, the change is always sudden, with kids’ usual dismissal, loss of language, impaired social skills and unusual isolation from the community.
Some of the possible pointers of Autism Spectrum Disorders can be noted as:
- No observation of any babbling, pointing and/or making meaningful gestures by 1 year of age.
- Weak composition, language skill and social interaction skills.
- Impaired hearing can be quite common.
- Not interested in playing with toys.
- Is attached with one particular toy and/or object.
- Poor interactive gesture and eye contact.
Moreover, kids with high functioning autism or Asperger’s Syndrome are found to be slow learner and cannot interpret, what others are thinking or feeling about them; leaving them socially alone, due to their inability to decode other’s action.
Conventionally, treatments that are being offered to improve these weak points in children with ASD are only supportive; including medications to improve sleep, reduce inflammation, etc. They may often be given multivitamin supplements and gluten free diet to improve their digestive pattern. However, these treatments are found to be very supportive not altering the pathophysiology of the disease.
Scientists have investigated that Autism Spectrum disorder is a neurodegenerative condition, typically exhibited due to functional disturbances in the damaged neurons. This damage can either be genetic and/or environmentally forced at the time of birth. The science of regenerative medicine has found to have definitive solution for the said neuronal damage through stem cells therapy.
Through effective clinical outcome, it can be rightly proposed that stem cells therapy can be a tangible option for treating Autism.