The first thing that you may have noticed within any kind of your hospital stay, is hooking you up with an IV. In a medical term, it is being referred to as a drip. It is generally some fluids in plastic bags that have flown through a tube into human body through veins (Intra Venous Administration). You might have several times thought of asking or enquiring about its mechanism and requirement. Read more to find every detail about the same.

What is the purpose of an IV

Humans have natural tendency towards dehydration, which may impair variety of body processes. Without enough passage of body fluids, several things would not have been possible, such as wound healing, immunity building, mental peace, improved digestion, etc. Thus, immediately after your hospitalization, you will be hooked up to a drip to give you better fuel for fighting against infectious attacks, dehydration, fever, etc. Moreover, because of the illness, what so ever, you might not be eating for substantial time; in that sense, the drip hydration can energize as well as add on the nutritional benefits, to hold you on till the treatment.

What is an IV

There are multiple types of IV administration set, depending upon the requirement. They can be noted as follows:

  • Salt or Saline

It is the most commonly offered solution through intra venous administration, with the sole purpose to normalize body’s buffering system and add on to its hydration. Due to diseased conditions or dehydration, your cells would have excreted all the salt content from them, building up tremendous osmotic trauma. Due to which, these cells are at increased risk of damage. Accordingly, administration of normal saline can balance out body’s salt and water ratio.

  • Sugar

Sometimes, dextrose or other sugar substitutes can be offered, depending upon the ailment, which also will be having some kind of salt in it. These administrations are in fact, preferred for people, who don’t have severe infection or dehydration or diabetes. Doctors may be reluctant to administer it, if the patient would be suffering with uncontrolled blood sugar levels, encouraging the chances of other opportunistic infections.

  • Electrolytes

Some kind of drips may contain minerals and other electrolytes, such as bicarbonate, sugar and potassium; to be offered in case of severe dehydration. This combination would be preferred choice soon after surgeries, as surgeries can create severe disturbances in acid-base balance of a person. Some drugs and stem cells may also be offered through the same system to optimize their concentration and reach ability with increased paracrine effect.

  • Vitamins

If you can see a bright yellow bag, hanging above your bed; it may indicate, your too much inclination towards body fluids. Administration of banana bags, containing multivitamins as well as other fluids are intended to provide you vitamins and nutritional support, after severe dehydration and routine alcoholism.

As a matter of fact, each bag of IV fluid is like a medicine and you need to properly educate yourself about what is going on inside your body.


Stargardt’s Disease is a kind of juvenile macular dystrophy, starting early in the life. It has been named after its first founder Dr. Stargardt’s in 1909 and is reported to be one of the most common forms of juvenile macular dystrophies. World Health Organization is further noted that one out of every 20,000 children, within the age group of 6-20 are being diagnosed with the dystrophy; irrespective of the gender.

Stargardt’s disease is identified as a genetic condition inherited via dominant gene of either one parent or recessive genes from both the parents; moreover, with recent investigations, a gene that is responsible for the condition is identified to be ABCR or abca4. It has been observed that in many cases of Stargardt’s disease, the macula, a central part of the retina and its surrounding is affected. Furthermore, since macula is responsible for central, crisp vision and for color discrimination; its dystrophy or degradation may result in loss of visual acuity, visual sharpness, color discrimination and appearance of small blind spots.

Typically, children suffering with the said issue may complain for:

  • Decreased visual acuity: Many people have reported initial sudden mild loss of visual acuity, which may soon be normal after some relaxation; due to which people tend to ignore it many of the times. However, this should be considered as an alarming situation, with immediate need of expert’s advice.
  • Come and Go Vision: Many patients may experience frequent common episodes of visual loss or blind phases; at different time intervals. As a matter of fact, people may experience this come and go effect, due to disappearance and reappearance of object, on the damaged macula.
  • Eccentric Viewing: Reports indicate that the Stargardt’s disease can be characterized by the appearance of central blind spot, which progressively increases in size. Eventually, patients learn to redirect their eyes to see around the blind spots. It has been further apparent that patients should learn to place the image, adjacent to macula to maximize their visual field.
  • Photo stress and Adaptation to dark: Frequent complaints have been noted from children with Stargardt’s diseases, towards their adaption in dark and/or after sunlight exposure. It has been investigated and further suggested that light striking our retina may trigger a chemical reaction to damage rods and cones. Moreover, when a patient is exposed to bright sunlight; their retina may get bleached, thus decreasing its visual sharpness and increase blind spots.
  • Photophobia: Patients have as well reported complaints about increase light sensitivity and decreased color vision; due to damaged rods and cones as well as macula.

Being a genetic issue, no full proof treatment is reported against the issue; however, with the recent advent of stem cells therapy, it is possible to minimize the progression associated with the Stargardt’s degenerative dystrophy. Investigations have further suggested that differentiation capability of stem cells can be potentially useful in regeneration of damaged rods and cones; thus, adding up towards its functional restoration to some extent. Moreover, vasculogenesis abilities of these stem cells can as well be helpful in formation of new blood vessels, in the area around the macula, helping it to be little bit functionally stronger. Since these stem cells have been isolated from patient’s own body sources, such as Bone Marrow and Adipose Tissue; they are reported to be absolutely safe and effective.


Eating delicious and sumptuous food, is what each one of us craves for! After experiencing some long and tiring working hours in the office; eating well at night, seems to be life’s greatest pleasure. In this regard, having being affected with diabetes shouldn’t stop anyone from that bliss. Although, it is quite reasonable that people with chronic diabetes have quite different nutritional needs; due to which, many times, diabetic recipes can be acknowledged to be bland and tasteless. However, today, different healthy ingredients can be obtained from different parts of the world; and hence with a smart planning of your meal to allow you to manage your diabetes with the same taste and nutritional requirement.

The write up may brief our readers about few food tips to explore with better understanding of diabetes and body’s nutritional requirement.

Better understanding of Carb Requirement

Knowing about, how much carbohydrates are needed and what are the different kinds that are required; would be your first step towards, planning your diabetic recipes.  In this regard, it is interesting to understand that there are about three different kinds of carbohydrates in the food, such as starches, sugars and fibers. Starchy food may include vegetables like peas, corn, lime beans, potato beans, etc. Whole grains such as oats, barley and rice can as well be categorized under starch. Although, it is important to understand that grains can be divided into whole grain, containing all the three germ layers and with all the necessary nutrients it has to offer; whereas refined grain is mainly connected with middle endosperm layer, which doesn’t contain any vitamins and nutrients, except for the starchy material.

Sugars, are classified as direct sugar, obtained from sugar cane, nectar, confectionaries, and other raw sources as well as indirect sugar that is being obtained from milk, fruits, etc. Fibre is the plant source and is required for healthy digestive system; it can contribute your nutritional requirement by making you feel full and satisfied.

Thus, it would be wise to optimize your carbohydrate requirement by opting for the most nutrient dense choices, with smaller portion size. For that matter, you need to avoid sugary drinks, including soda, sweet tea, fruit punch etc. Whole fruit should be preferred instead of juice. Sweet potatoes can be better alternative for white potato and whole grain oat meals, brown rice and/or barley should always be welcome.

More indulgence towards diabetic super foods

Thus, your healthy diabetic recipes should contain diabetic super food as listed below with a known low glycemic index and key nutrients such as, calcium, potassium, fibre, magnesium as well as vitamins mainly A, C and E. These super foods can be:

  • Beans
  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Citrus varieties
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Berries and tomatoes
  • Fish with high content of omega-3-fatty acids
  • Whole grains, nuts as well as fat free milk and yogurt

The combination of these super-ingredients with counted amount of carbohydrate can come up with the most nutritious yet taste meal’ which can be consumed without any fear of sugar shoot up; but off course meal size should be smaller.

Conventional treatment pattern for diabetes is having higher emphasize on inflammatory drugs and good nutritional supplements; however, they lack effective management of the said disease, along with some additional challenges of preventing their damaging effects. On the contrary, recently launched stem cells therapy can be considered as the better alternative to effectively reduce disease progression and restore lost cellular function.


Rheumatoid Arthritis, commonly known to be as RA; is identified as an autoimmune as well as the inflammatory disorder, mainly affecting joints. The issue is mostly associated with joints of hands, wrists as well as knees and ankles, wherein the ligamental lining of joints is destroyed, due to self-inflammatory process, initiated by body’s own immune system. If not halted in its initial phases, the ailment can cause progressive, chronic tissue damage, unsteadiness and/or lack of balance as well as deformity. Moreover, in many cases, chronic condition is found to be affecting other vital organs of human body, like lungs, hearts, kidneys, etc.

Common Signs and Symptoms Associated with RA

The ailment is commonly associated with symptoms, which can variably flare up as well as subside; they may be generally noted as, pain in joints, joint stiffness, reddening or tenderness in joints, unusual weight loss, fatigue, weakness, etc.

Risk factors associated with a disease

Lot of research has been undergone, to evaluate the risk factors associated with the conditions, some of them can be noted as; genetic link ups, smoking, family history of live births, early life exposures to harmful toxins, obesity, etc.


RA is being diagnosed through systematic symptomatic review, family history, conduction of physical examination for the better determination of deformities, etc. However, it has been identified that the ailment, if diagnosed in a very early phase, then there are fare chances of its delayed progression. Although, conventional medical treatment may offer anti-inflammatory dosage; it is surveyed that long term consumption of these steroidal medicines can give rise to other complications, associated with the conditions, like heart diseases, kidney problems, etc. Contrary to which, the recent advances in a science of regenerative medicines, like stem cells therapy has been found to be an effective alternative to decrease the progressive damage of the tissue, along with regeneration of lost as well as damaged cells leading to their functional restoration.

Other complications associated with the conditions

A thorough understanding of the ailment has suggested many physical, mental as well as social consequences that have severely affected lives of many individuals, causing pain, disability, mental disturbances, as well as premature deaths; however, some of the major co-morbidities associated with the condition, can be considered as cardiovascular disorders, diabetes, kidney disorders, etc.

It has been estimated that people with rheumatoid arthritis, can face higher risk of developing heart diseases, diabetes, psychological issues, etc.  in order to prevent such kind of complications, a treatment plan should as well be emphasized on managing these co morbidities.

Prevalence of Disease

Statistical analysis has suggested that from the year 2013-15, more than 55 million people are affected with the condition, annually in many developed countries. While amongst more than 100 different forms of arthritis, osteoarthritis is known to be the most prevalent, other common conditions may include rheumatoid arthritis. Next 20 years’ statistical data shows a dramatic improvement, i.e. almost 80 million people, estimated to be suffering with the ailment. The survey is as well suggesting that the risk of arthritis is 20 % more for women than men.

The statistical analysis of last couple of years has suggested that 8% people are within the age group of 18-44, 30% confirmed cases are within the age group of 45-65; whereas out of the total reported cases of arthritis, 30% are being categorized under obese group and 23% are being categorized under overweight.

As far as the statistical data pertaining to the disabilities, arthritis and other rheumatoid conditions are reported to be disabling more than 44% affected people; through various channels of activity limitations.

The data further implies a huge, disproportionate economic burden, the world is facing and hence necessitates further requirement of scientific advancements and acceptance to updated technology. 


If you really want to give a second concern to mom’s advice, “feel better, don’t spread cold!”; then the recent authorization from experts can force you to believe that these motherly advises are worth acknowledging.

Advice No. 1: Feed a cold but starve a fever.

Apparently, many of us might have experienced that when your nose is stuffy and congested you would be asked by your specialist to be fed on nutritious food to fortify your immune system. Contrary to which, when you feel feverish, your metabolism is revved up, to add on more energy for fighting against the infection.

Thus, ultimate bottom line is that you should always stay hydrated and eat nutritious food to make up your immune loss.

Advice No. 2: Strict ‘no-no’ to dairy products, during cold.

Medical experts have experienced that many times, consumption of dairy products increase mucus production; as immediate inflammatory response towards pathogen entry. Various surveys conducted globally have exhibited that people, who were consuming more dairy products during cold or fever; were eventually reported more nasal congestion than people, who did not have any dairy items.

Advice No. 3: Most of your body heat is passed on through head.

Scientists are supporting the hypothesis; as in the human face is believed to be five times more sensitive than other parts of the body. As a matter of fact, it can be referred to as an early warning system, which can alert you against the pathogenic entry of viruses as well as bacteria. Thus, since the surface area of face and head is more, it is often found that the said part is more hot as compared to other parts of the body; being temperature sensitive.

Advice No. 4: Relish on your chicken soup, when you have cold

Science still believes in this age-old concept of comfort food effect. In this regard, a team of researchers have found that chicken soup prepared in combination with lot of veggies can elicit an immediate inflammatory response against cold symptoms. Furthermore, to get rid of your common cold symptoms, you have to have a strong immune back up to fight against the inflammation.

Advice No. 5: Rest is a key to faster recovery

A team of researchers have evidently confirmed that rest is necessary to boost your immune system. Accordingly, a survey has been conducted to analyze a recovery time; which apparently confirmed the scientific evidence against the hypothesis. At a resting state, the body prepare for its loss by secreting different growth factors, even your stem cells are as well active during this stage, to combat day to day wear and tear of the body; and hence, it is supposed to be the key for faster rescue from cold and flu.

Advice No. 6: Cover your mouth, while coughing.

We all must know by now that the virus causing cough and flue is communicative and hence direct contact with the same should be avoided. Thus, strict restriction to the hypothesis, should help you to avoid transmissions.


If you have recently discovered that you or may be your closed relative is suffering with early stage kidney problem; learning about dietary restrictions and good nutritional add on, would serve as a better kick start towards managing the issue.  Although, renal friendly diets are quite confusing as the do’s and don’ts do not apply to everyone the same way, in general potassium and other minerals are supposed to be the real culprits for many kidney patients.

Potassium is a mineral that is mainly responsible for controlling vital nerves as well as muscular functions, like beating of the heart, and/or health muscular contractions and relaxations, etc. Moreover, potassium is as well responsible for keeping electrolytes as well as pH, at a balanced state to promote muscular as well as central nervous system functions.

How high potassium is related with kidney diseases?

Kidneys are identified as the body’s inherent bean shaped filtration devices, helping to prevent toxin accumulation and waste build up in the body, through purification of blood and converting it into urine. It has been apparent that people with diminished kidney activity tend to accumulate potassium back into the blood, due to ineffective filtration. High potassium in the blood can initiate nausea, weakness, numbness and tingling sensation, slower pulse, irregular heartbeats, etc. Thus, potassium although is a crucial mineral; its consumption in moderation is always better to keep away kidney issues; accordingly, the current write up will detail about the renal diet in order to limit the potassium intake.

Some of the food, that are consistently very low in their potassium, offering less than 200 mg per servings, can be listed as apples, berries, grapefruits, pineapples, cauliflower, broccoli, egg plants, green beans, white rice, salmon, etc.

Contrary to which, some foods are supposed to be avoided by people with functional issues of kidneys, as in these foods are very high in their potassium offering, thus adding up excessive stress to the kidneys. Accordingly, these foods should either be consumed in a very small quantity or to be completely avoided. They can be listed as bananas, avocados, raisins, oranges and orange juices, tomatoes, lentils, spinach, sprouts, milk, nuts, beefs, chicken, cheese, etc.

Although, according to the National Kidney Foundation, it is possible to leach out potassium from some of its known sources; although, it cannot offer you permanent potassium freedom but with these simple tips, you can still have them on your plate, but off course, in limited portion.

  • It is advisable to peel and place vegetables in the cold water before their consumption, to drain out the excessive mineral content.
  • Thick slicing of veges, and soaking them in warm water for more than 2 hours can significantly reduce their sodium and potassium count.
  • Cook the vegetables with maximum amount of water and reduce the water content through boiling.

Thus, for people with kidney problems, it is necessary to meet their nutritional needs through proper dietary guidance that will imply what is to be eaten and what can be omitted.  Accordingly, one should as well check out for some alternative therapeutic implications to delay further damage associated with kidneys, like stem cells therapy, which has been come up recently as an effective therapeutic alternative to traditional organ replacements or surgeries.


The Obamacare, an important health reform proposed in the era of Mr. Obama is being battling for its survival, against recent proposals offered through Mr. Trump Congress. In that sense, the new proposals have been strategized in order to modify the same; with the inclusion of benefits that are legally required, and dropping out others that are essentially not mandatory. While the US government intends to fit all types of necessary health care’s into fixed fiscal envelope, there are rather some hard decisions to be proposed; to offer any subsidies without preoptimized standards.

In this regard, many experts in the field have argued against ever increasing global healthcare data base; established on the basis of one-size-fits-all cost-effective healthcare decisions, en-routing towards universal health coverage; alternatively, they proposed evidence-informed deliberative process, acknowledging the complex political issues, such as what kind of medical procedures, medicines, devices, diagnostics should be covered? And up to what extent, it should be covered etc. Thus, the ever-evolving solutions to these core health issues should determine the success of universal health coverage.

In line with these possible assumptions various countries, such as England, Wales, Canada, Republic of Korea, etc. have come up with the establishment of national institutions, that are solely responsible for defining and shaping up of priorities for general healthcare expenditures, based upon the evidences and developmental process. These organizations, generally being identified as National Technological Assessments Centers; prioritizing and supporting novel, innovative technologies to encompass healthcare policies and their improved reachability through cost-effective platforms. In addition to which, a more systematic approach has been evolved very recently through World Health Organization and Disease Control and Prevention to support global evidences of affordable health interventions. Thus, through this current global theme, incorporated via Universal Health Coverage, it would be quite possible to routinely implement, latest technological innovations that are proving to be; cost-effective, feasible as well as therapeutically beneficial.

Accordingly, with rapid urbanization and growth in the economy of various countries; there have been notably increased evidences of growing disease burden; assigning rising demands for quality healthcare facilities, to be incorporated in national health insurance schemes. However, without an optimized priority setting techniques, healthcare benefits in more than 115 countries are not available to the common population, due to constraints in decision making and overall budgetary issues.

Thus, although cost effective analysis is important to improve health outcome of the country; a thoughtful approach, in structuring the health benefits through virtual, feasible, ethical and sustainable platform is truly essential. 

Hence, with the commitment and financial contribution towards the Universal Health Coverage; it would be possible to explore global partners, in order to offer better context-sensitive evidences for effective decisions for supporting technical, institutional and information healthcare capacity.


With the recent drift in its prevalence, society has moved further to treat autism in a positive perception. Being rhyming with the word optimism, Autimism is an initiative that has been taken to propose positive attitude towards the neuro degenerative disorder; thus, shifting the paradigm from awareness towards its acceptance, from negative stereotypes towards the better understanding of the psychology, from “how do we do it?” towards “Ohh, we have to do it!” attitude.

One of the most challenging tasks, many parents must have come across would be their employment, as a matter of fact, traditional employment would be quite difficult and meaningless for them. On the contrary, self-employment can be quite meaningful and sustainable that may emphasize on the “NOW” part, as opposed to “NOT NOW”.

It has been a common observation that people with developmental disabilities mostly live in “NOW” world! For example, when they are taught something, which cannot be implemented immediately; then they drastically, tend to lose their interest and learning objectives. On the other hand, self-employment and self-engagement can motivate the person to be independent and financially literate; to achieve the said objectives, he/she will be more focused on improving their communication skills, their social networking, etc. Thus, this in turn allows them to conquer their soft spots. Moreover, it is not necessary to be of that age limit to be employed, as in case of the traditional jobs; in fact, these self-employment modules can be your transition time to learn and develop important life skills.

Many parents are doubtful, whether their autistic children with developmental disorders, will understand the real meaning of self-employment and also would be interested in it; however, in reality there are many successful people with autism, like Einstein, who created and established a respectable position in a job of their own choice. In the current era, as well, there are many renowned people like Tathi Piancastelli, a young Brazilian actress and model with Down Syndrome and Shawn Smith, a Canadian businessman and a founder of “Don’t Dis-My-Ability”; personifying the level of innovation and technology towards the business table. 

Accordingly, there are many reputed organization, operational throughout the globe like SAP and Palisades Hudson’s, which have shared various practical as well as constructive ways for these budding entrepreneurs with disabilities. These organizations are even organizing events to share number of ways in order to fund these innovative business ventures, through crowd funding.

Thus, hope and never give up attitude; can help in reshaping the lives of many people, who have been struggling with their difficult developmental disorders. Although, conventional medicine does not have anything to offer to these people, except for some of the rehabilitation techniques, steroidal medicines and frustration; modern regenerative medicine has offered remarkable improvement in behavioral as well as psychosocial attributes of people with ADHD. Stem cells therapy has been proven as a new promising medicinal innovation, which can solve the intriguing cellular puzzles to towards the successful restoration of functionalities of brain. 




Stem cells and their therapeutic applications have offered tremendous promise to cure a vast arena of degenerative diseases that have been left orphan, through conventional medications. Time and again, their potential, feasibility and safety for therapeutic application has been tested and confirmed, through number of clinical studies, which have been conducted worldwide. Although, a niche concept of stem cells therapy, has been subjected to lot of confusion, ethical debate and controversy in the recent years; scientists and the medical fraternity are struggling hard on several key issues, the more emphasize is on bringing these therapies from research bench to clinical bedside, by decoding their exact mechanism of action and fixing up the better stem cells sources, without compromising patient’s safety as well as treatment efficacy.

Although, the process of turning scientific miracles into safe and effective clinical treatments is very lengthy and multi-step; it deserves lot of appreciation, as it is designed in a way to minimize harm to patient’s body and maximize its effectiveness. Accordingly, each discovery, has to go through stringent quality checks, from petri plates to animals; before it is being actually implemented on humans. Moreover, meticulous analysis of accuracy, precision as well as peer reviews is being done; to come up with clinical conclusions. In this regard, enough data and statistical values are in place to confirm that stem cells are the real heroes; who can be trusted to treat myriad of degenerative ailments, that are being currently faced by the world!

Out of different types of stem cells sources, that have been explored so far; stem cells isolated from patient’s own body sources, like bone marrow as well as adipose tissues, have gained maximum endorsements. In this regard, several advantages have been listed out, over other types of stem cells sources.

  • The primary one is that patient, who serves as his/her own host for receiving stem cells, there is no risk of incompatibility or any kind of rejection by the body.
  • Immunosuppression doses are really not needed, for accepting patients own body cells, avoiding many of the most reported complications, like opportunistic infections, rejection, etc.
  • Since, autologous stem cells know patient body in a better way; it would not be a much hassle for these stem cells, to reach at the targeted site, for faster recovery.
  • Stem cells sources, like adipose tissue and bone marrow are abundant and underutilized; hence obtaining them for stem cells extraction, will not create any void in the body.
  • As there is no need of finding a suitable donor, lot of time is being saved and the patient can immediately undergo treatment for the better outcome.
  • For instances, many of the autologous stem cells therapies can be performed on an outpatient basis, without any application of general anesthesia.

Apparently, studies have shown that these autologous stem cells, isolated from body’s own sources like bone marrow as well as adipose tissues can be best defined and the most extensively preferred in blood disorders, autoimmune disorders, some kinds of cancers, orthopedic disorders, as well as eye injuries, etc. Since, these procedures are widely accepted as safe and effective by the medical community; many patients can achieve better treatment benefits from the said sources.

Ankylosing Spondylitis: Watch out For Some Warning Indications

Don’t ignore your consistent, yet severe back pain as a common medical condition that almost everyone is suffering with! As apparently, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders, and Spastics Society of India, back pain can sometimes be an indication of more severe conditions, identified to be as the Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Ankylosing spondylitis is regarded as the progressive form of arthritis, mainly triggered in the spine but may even progressively risk hips, knees and shoulder joints, depending upon the severity of the issue. Back pain, being a more common issue is often vindicated with other milder forms; due to which, urban population is being reported to spend more than 50 billion $ in curing the lower back pain.

The research is mainly come up with the clarification that ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory arthritic condition of the spine, associated with vertebral fusion leading to immobility, decreased functionality and abnormal bone growth. Although, it is a kind of ailment, with which mainly older people are affected, some of the first sign of symptoms can as well appear in their early 20s. Conventionally, only steroidal medicines with anti-inflammatory properties were being offered to patients, with no possible curative measures. Moreover, long term exposure to hormonal supplements has been reported to aggravate other serious conditions like functional failures of important organs, such as liver, kidneys, etc.

However, recent medical advancements have suggested application of stem cells therapy to be a better and indeed more effective option, against offering better regeneration of deformed tissues. Thus, it would always be advisable that one has to be aware of the symptoms and what are they pointing towards at; which may lead towards increased accessibility for the better treatment.

If, in case one is suffering with some of the below mentioned symptoms then it could be ankylosing spondylitis, which needs urgent medical attention.

Unusual Back pain in the lower body

For almost every spinal cord ailment; back pain with simultaneous stiffness is the cardinal issue. Although, the pattern and the nature of these symptoms can be variable, depending upon the condition as well as severity of the ailment. In case of ankylosing, a person with symptomatic initialization, generally experiences shooting pain, starting at the lower back region towards his buttocks. The pain episodes are often gradual, spreading over few weeks to even month. Being an inflammatory disorder, pain as well as stiffness is often noted to increase in both the extremes, as in, due to over resting as well as due to exercise.

Unexplained pain in the neck, chest, heels and joints

Some people often have complained about extreme, unexplained pain in the heels, wrists, ankles, etc. A constant irritating pain may often reduce the functional capability of a person, leading him to completely immobile state. Sudden chest tightness, strapped-in feeling, tender ribs, difficulty in breathing can be linked with the existence of ankylosing spondylitis, which can aggravate progressively.

Eye Issues

Iritis, is often noted as one of the primary symptoms of degenerative spinal conditions, like AS. It is generally being referred as the spinal inflammation, associated with pain around eyes, headaches, light sensitivity, redness, change in pupil size, blurred or cloudy vision without any solid reasons, etc. If a person is experiencing one of these, along with his back issues, he has to get it checked for ankylosing, ASAP.

Frequent Fatigue & Mood swings

Progressively, since the pain and the stiffness episodes get flared up with more frequency, the continuous irritating pain can drag a person in more depression, functional inability and unexplained fatigue. Many of the reported cases have as well noted anemia as the primary issue, leading toward mood swings and fatigue.

Bowel and Bladder Problems

Prolonged state of diarrhea and passage of blood stools for more than 2 weeks continuously, is a serious indication of degenerative disc disorders, like AS and hence needs to be taken to an expert notification immediately for faster diagnosis. Bladder as well as bowel disorders, have been referred to as initial symptomatic indications of Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Thus, early investigation of progressive degenerative spinal conditions, like AS could lead to the in-timely prognosis; for which alternative regeneration of tissue can be achieved with the application of latest stem cells technology for better functional attributes and delaying the progressive degeneration.